Phonemes: /s æ t p/
Graphemes: s a t p

Note: Pupils are NOT taught to read yet in this unit.

LESSON 1(Introducing A Sound)
Phoneme: /s/
Grapheme: s
Standard: 2.1
Standard: 2.1.1, 2.1.2a, 3.1.1a, 3.1.2a,b
Teaching Aids: Sound card 's', Cory Cat Phonics Song
Time: 30 minutes
1. Teacher introduces /s/. Watch my mouth.
(Position your mouth, teeth, tongue for phoneme /s/. DO NOT say the sound yet. Make sure all your pupils can see your mouth.)

2. Teacher says /s/ 5 times with pauses in between.

3. Teacher asks 'What sound did you hear?'

4. Practice saying /s/ , class, group, individual.

5. Sing Association Action Song(from Cory cat Phonics Song), Sammy Snake s s s(weave your hand in an 's' shape, like a snake ).

6. Introduce grapheme 's' for /s/. 'This is /s/. What sound is this? Say /s/ 5 times with me(class, group, individual).'

7. Do writing a
ctivities(model the correct way of writing the grapheme):

  • touch sandpaper letter
  • form 's' with modelling clay(Textbook pg 8)
  • copy, write 's' (AB pg 6; intergrate ICT, use Microsoftword. Let pupils choose font, colour it and print.)

(Ask 'What are you doing?' as pupils do the writing activity. Train them to say the sound not the letter name. Use the term 'sound' when teaching phonics NOT 'letter'.)

95% of the pupils are able to say 's'. Zaid and Jugah have lisping problem. Everybody enjoyed singing Sammy Snake( He he). Everybody can write 's' except Zaid, Aina and Aiman(letter reversal).

Above are the basic teaching steps when introducing a sound.

  • Follow the same steps for sounds /æ t p/.
  • Teach the sounds over a period of 1 week, preferably everyday. If not 3x/week, alternate days. Play games once you have introduced more than 1 sound(Textbook pg 7, Jumping Frog).
  • Revise sounds taught before each lesson.
  • DO NOT introduce letter names.

LESSON 2(Introducing picture names)

Phoneme: /s /

Grapheme: s
Standard: 2.1
Standard: 2.1.1, 2.1.2a,
Teaching Aids: Sound card 's'(2); Picture cards or objects beginning with /s/ - sun, seal, snail, socks, spider(from CD Koleksi Grafik bacalah Anakku & Readeasy if you are lazy to draw on your own)
Time: 30 minutes

1. Teacher revises the sound taught. Show sound card 's'.
Sing Sammy Snake s s s(with action please).

2. Stick the 's' card on the board.

3. Teacher introduces pictures with initial sound /s/. Show the first picture, sun. Ask 'What is this?(sun). Say 'sun'. Can you hear /s/(show sound card 's')when I say 'sun'?(show picture)

Encourage pupils to repeat '/s/ as in 'sun'(exaggerate the /s/ sound in the word 'sun').

4. Put the picture on the board below the sound card 's'.

5. Repeat Step 3 for othe pictures.

6. Play Musical Pictures. Sit in a circle. Put all the picture cards in a box. Teacher plays the music and the pupils pass the box. When the music stops, the pupil with the box will pick a card and name it. Teach the pupils to say '/S/ as in (spider)' after naming the picture.


Above are the basic teaching steps when introducing picture names.

  • Follow the same steps for sounds /æ t p/.
  • for enrichment, make a Sound Poster(refer my link Teaching Phonics, Phonics Poster) for each sound taught(group/class project. Stick it/them around the classroom.
  • Go slow when teaching sounds for the first few weeks. Personally I do not advise you to teach all 4 sounds in one lesson in the early stages of teaching reading.
  • Play Jumping frog after introducing all the 4 sounds at the end of 
    Week 1. Refer Textbook pg 7. For enrichment, I prefer pupils to say "Hello I am /p/. /P/ as in pencil." as he stands on grapheme 'p'.

The above teaching steps may look elaborate but once you get the hang of it, teaching phonics will be a breeze. Do have fun when you teach!